sanskrit yoga tantra shiva

Is it yog or yoga, and it is shiv or shiva ?!

If you go to India or talk to a native Hindu, none of them say yoga, they call it yog, they don’t say shloka but a shlok, they neither call the almighty god shiv but shiv, so then words like yoga – shloka – karma – shiva – Hatha – sutra – Ayurveda – nirvana – dharma – Why do Hindi or Sanskrit words get an extra ‘a’ when translated to English?

It’s because most Westerners know these names through Sanskrit, which usually pronounces the final – a or ah sound at the end. Hindi (in addition to numerous other modern Indian languages descended from Sanskrit) underwent a process in which unstressed short -a- was dropped, particularly when it wouldn’t create too awkward a consonant cluster.

Every word has meaning. In India, we have the tradition of consulting astrology and numerology during a formal ceremony to name a child. It is believed that the child will imbibe the same qualities he is named after. As soon as a word is uttered, it is believed to manifest with a full meaning. The word ‘yog’ is derived from the Sanskrit root ‘yuj’, meaning ‘to join’ or ‘to unite’; joining means to connect with one’s true nature or in the sense of practicing, to unite with god. 

Our mind mostly associates with worldly delusions, but yog teaches us to connect with God. It helps the mind to associate with the Self. As soon as we become involved with the soul, we gain wisdom. The word yog is synonymous with liberation. The word is completely in sync with Indic philosophy and culture. If Indian culture is a flower, then yog is its fragrance. Yog teaches us to live a healthy, joyful and loving life.

Yog improves the functioning of the respiratory, circulatory, digestive, and hormonal systems. It also brings about emotional stability and clarity of thought. Unfortunately, many people in India and the West — though they understand the health benefits of yoga asanas — have failed to understand the spiritual dimensions of yog. They think that yog means only a set of asanas, and therefore, call it yoga. For them, both words mean the same.

Yog includes physical, psychological, and spiritual practices. Yoga is part of yog. It’s like saying ‘Ram’instead of ‘Rama’; or ‘Krishn’ instead of ‘Krishna’. To bring out the essence, one has to use the correct word. Most people don’t see beyond the human body so they do asanas just to tone up their body and make it flexible. Therefore, they make little headway in absorbing the spiritual benefits of yog. Focus on the subtler aspects of yog and see how this Indic spiritual philosophy changes your vision.

om namah shivay sivaom

The Guru Of All Mantras – Om Namah Shivay

Om Namah Shivay           ॐ नमः शिवाय

Its translation is “salutations (namas) to Shiv”, preceded by the mystical syllable “Om”. The syllable “ya” at the end of the mantra denotes an offering. Thus the mantra Om Namah Shivay actually means “I offer to Shiv a respectful invocation of His Name”, and not merely “I respectfully invoke His Name”. Om Namah Shivay mantra is sung by devotees in prayers and recited by yogis in meditation. It is associated with qualities of prayer, divine-love, grace, truth, and blissfulness. Om Namah Shivay is a mantra found in the Yajur Veda hymn – Sri Rudram and is regarded as a Maha Mantra from the first chant, that is it does not need to be chanted 1,080,000 times for it to come alive unlike other mantras.

Traditionally, it is accepted to be a powerful healing mantra beneficial for all physical and mental ailments. Soulful recitation of this mantra brings peace to the heart and joy to the [Ātman] or Soul. Sages consider that the recitation of these syllables is sound therapy for the body and nectar for the soul [Ātman]. The nature of the mantra is the calling upon the higher self; it is the calling upon Shiv, the destroyer deity, to aid in the death (destruction of ego) and rebirth achieved during meditation. This goes generally for mantras and chants to different gods, which are different aspects of the higher self.

gayatri mantra sivaom

Gayatri Mantra – The Most Detailed Meaning Available

The Gayatri mantra is considered one of the most universal of all mantras, it is also considered as one of the top 3 most supreme mantra (Maha Mantra), invoking the universal Brahman as the principle of knowledge and the illumination of the primordial Sun. The mantra is extracted from the 10th verse of Hymn 62 in Book III of the Rig Veda.

ॐ भूर्भुवस्व: | तत्सवितुर्वरेण्यम् | भर्गो देवस्य धीमहि | धियो यो न: प्रचोदयात्
Oṁ Bhūrbhuvaswaha Tatsaviturvarenyam bhargo devasya dhīmahi dhiyo yo naḥa prachodayāt,


A basic translation can be given as…

Oh parmatma, the Protector, the basis of all life, Who is self-existent, Who is free from all pains and Whose contact frees the soul from all troubles, Who pervades the Universe and sustains all, the Creator and Energizer of the whole Universe, the Giver of happiness, Who is worthy of acceptance, the most excellent, Who is Pure and the Purifier of all, let us embrace that very parmatma, so that He may direct our mental faculties in the right direction. Let us meditate on that excellent glory of the divine Light (Vivifier, Sun). May he stimulate our understandings (knowledge, intellectual illumination).

(A quick note of caution, The Gayatri Mantra, honoring the sun, is from Rig Veda. One must never chant it after sunset. Also, singing it in just any tune as devotional singers are doing nowadays is an absolute no- no. )



The Four Parts of the Gayatri Mantra

Aum Bhur Bhuvah Swah (ॐ भूर्भुव: स्व:)

1. AUM (ॐ)
the Supreme name of parmatma. A full explanation of this has been given in a related article.

BHUR BHUVAH SWAH. These three words collectively are known as the “Mahavyahriti”. They express the nature of parmatma, and demonstrate his inherent qualities.

2. BHUR (भूर्)
Firstly, the word Bhur implies existence. parmatma is self-existent and independent of all. He is eternal and unchanging. Without beginning and without end, parmatma exists as a continuous, permanent, constant entity. Secondly, the word Bhur can also mean the Earth, on which we are born and sustained. parmatma is the provider of all, and it is through His divine will that we our blessed with all that we require to maintain us through our lives. Finally, Bhur signifies Prana, or life (literally, breath). parmatma is That which gives life to all. Whilst He is independent of all, all are dependent on Him. It is parmatma who has given us life, parmatma who maintains us throughout our lives, and parmatma alone who has the ability to take away our life, when He so chooses. The only permanent entity, all others are subject to His own will

3. BHUVAH (भुव:)
Bhuvah describes the absolute Consciousness of parmatma. parmatma is self-Conscious as well as being Conscious of all else, and thus is able to control and govern the Universe. Also, the word Bhuvah relates to God’s relationship with the celestial world. It denotes parmatma greatness – greater than the sky and space, He is boundless and unlimited. Finally, Bhuvah is also indicative of parmatma role as the remover of all pain and sufferings (Apaana). We see pain and sorrow all around us. However, through supplication to parmatma, we can be freed from that pain and hardship. parmatma Himself is devoid of any pain. Though He is Conscious of all, and is thus aware of pain, it does not affect Him. It is our own ignorance that makes us susceptible to the effects of Maya, or illusion, which causes us to feel pain. Through true devotion to parmatma, we can be freed from the clutches of Maya, and thus be rid of pain and sorrow.

4. SWAH (स्व:)
Swah indicates the all-pervading nature of parmatma. He is omnipresent and pervades the entire multi-formed Universe. Without Form Himself, He is able to manifest Himself through the medium of the physical world, and is thus present in each and every physical entity. In this way, parmatma is able to interact with the Universe created by Him, and thus sustain and control it, ensuring its smooth and proper running and function.
Also, Swah symbolizes parmatma bliss. All but God experience pain, suffering and sorrow. Devoid of all such things, parmatma alone is able to experience supreme bliss. Happiness as experienced by humans is temporary, a transient state of mental satisfaction, which soon dissolves back into the mire of worldly troubles. Perfect, and without any form of deficiency, parmatma alone experiences true bliss, permanent and unaffected by worldly pains and woes. One who realizes parmatma is able to join in this bliss, and thus God is able to impart true happiness to those who establish oneness with that Supreme Divinity.

5. TAT (तत् s.1)
Literally, this word means “that”, being used in Sanskrit to denote the third person. It is also mentioned in the Bhagavad Gita by Sri Krishna Himself, where He implies the selfless nature of the word. Being used in the third person, the word has implicit in it an idea of selflessness. Sri Krishna uses it to imply the selfless nature of charity (charity, or a gift, being used as an analogy for worship, in the form of action, implying that action should be preformed without regard to its fruits, but simply out of devotion and sense of duty, or Dharma). Tat then is used here in the Gayatri Mantra to indicate that the worshipper is referring to [that] parmatma, and that the praise being offered to parmatma in the prayer is purely directed towards Him, without thought of gaining any personal benefit from that praise.

6. SA-VI-TUR (सवितुर् s.2-4)
Savita, from which Savitur is derived, is another name of parmatma, this being the reason that the Gayatri Mantra is often known as the Savitri Mantra. The implication of Savita is of parmatma status as the fountain, the source of all things. It is through His Divine Grace that the Universe exists, and so this word sums up the Mahavyahriti, by describing parmatma ability to create the Universe and sustain it, as well as, at the right time, bring about its dissolution.
Savita is also indicative of parmatma gift to mankind. Humans also have, in limited amount, the power, or shakti, of Savita. This shakti acts as an impetus in humans, and brings about the requirement for them to do something. They cannot sit idle, and are constantly searching for something to do. This is what is commonly known as the “creative urge”. It is through this shakti that mankind has created art, and it is through this shakti also that scientific advances are made. The gift of Savita also gives creatures the ability of procreation. Hence, Savita can be thought of as meaning Father (or Mother) also.

Finally, it is the power of Savita that enables mankind to distinguish right from wrong, and vice from virtue. Through this ability, we are able to in some part direct our own selves, and thus, Savita imparts to us a certain self-guiding ability. Thus, by using this word in the mantra, we demonstrate that we are making efforts ourselves also, since parmatma will not help us unless we are willing to help ourselves.

7. VA-RE-NY-AM (वरेण्यं s.5-8)
Varenyam signifies our acceptance of parmatma, and can be translated as meaning “Who is worthy”. Ever ready to obtain all the material riches of the world, more often than not, they are a disappointment once they have been achieved. parmatma however is the one who, once realized and achieved, has the ability to truly satisfy. We therefore accept Him as the Highest reality, and it is to Him that we dedicate our efforts.
Varenyam can also be interpreted as signifying one who is eligible. We have chosen Him to be our Leader and our Guide. We place our all into His hands, and accept Him regardless of anything else. We place no conditions on this acceptance, as it is all out of sheer devotion.

This triplet is a further description of the attributes and qualities of parmatma – His functional and instrumental qualities, rather than intrinsic qualities – and through those qualities, His relationship to us.

8. BHAR-GO (भर्गो s.1,2)
Bhargo is taken to signify the Glorious Light that is parmatma love and power. It indicates His complete purity – being absolutely pure Himself, God also has the ability to purify those that come into contact with Him. Thus, Bhargo is indicative of parmatma power to purify, and to destroy all sins and afflictions. In the same way as a metal ore placed into a fire will yield the pure metal, by merging with parmatma, by realizing His Divine Form and establishing unity and oneness with Him, we can cleanse ourselves and be made pure by His Grace.
Though the soul, being itself Divine in nature, possesses that Light, it lacks luster, having been made impure by the sins and vices, which are a result of the darkness of Maya. By removing the veil of Maya, and cleansing our soul, parmatma can enable the soul to realize its true, Divine self, and thus purify it.

9. DE-VAS-YA (देवस्य s.3-5)
The word Deva, from which this word is derived, has been translated by different people in many different ways. It is generally thought of as meaning simply “parmatma”. However, its meaning is more complex than that.
Deva, which forms the root of the words “Devata” and “Devi”, means “quality” or “attribute”, and can be thought of as another word for “Guna”. Thus, the various forms of parmatma are given this name, as each of those forms is related to a specific quality and function (for example, Brahma has the quality of Creation, Kamadeva has the quality of love, etc.). Also, Deva is thus used to describe anyone who is considered to possess a special quality.

Since Deva is symbolic of the individual qualities of parmatma, the word demonstrates the inherent oneness of those different Forms, and thus the use of this word can be taken as describing the fundamental unity of parmatma. Thus we see that here, we reaffirm that central belief in the Hindu Dharma that “Ekam sat viprah bahudah vadanti” (Truth, or parmatma, is one, but wise men call Him/It by different names).

Thus, Deva is indicative of the various multifaceted entity that is the absolute Personality of parmatma. It describes in one word all the functions, roles and different attributes of parmatma, and symbolizes therefore his absolutely essential nature – without parmatma, nothing can exist.

10. DHI-MA-HI (धीमहि s.6-8)
Meaning to meditate and focus our mind on parmatma. Meditation on parmatma implies that we remove all other thoughts from our mind, since thoughts of the world render our mind impure, and thus we are unable to conceptualize the absolute purity of parmatma. We must be able to concentrate, and direct our mental energies towards the task in hand – which is communion with parmatma.

 

Goddess Gayatri
DHIYO YO NAH PRACHODAYAT (धीयो यो न: प्रचोदयात्)

Prayer is carried out for four main reasons:

to praise and glorify parmatma;
to thank parmatma;
to ask forgiveness from parmatma;
or to make a request from parmatma.
Having carried out the other three parts (praise of His greatness, thanks for His generosity in Creation and maintaining us through our lives, and forgiveness by demonstrating our awareness of our own impurity, which we have realized is present and must be cleansed through contact with parmatma), this part is now our request from parmatma. Since our soul is the Light of Life within us, and that acts on our body via the medium of the brain, we ask parmatma to make this contact pure and righteous. The soul is of course inherently pure, being itself Divine in nature. The body is under the complete control of the mind. The link is the mind, which is affected not only by the soul, but also the outside world. We ask in these four words that parmatma help us to improve our intellect, and guide it towards what is right.

11. DHI-YO (धीयो s.1,2)
Sanskrit for “intellect”, this is the essence of this part of the Gayatri Mantra. Having firmly set parmatma in our hearts, we now must try to emphasize His presence and influence on our mind and intellect.
Material prosperity holds no true meaning for the person who is truly devoted to God. Pain and suffering are of no consequence to him as, touched by parmatma, he is imbued with parmatma own Divine Bliss, and all worldly sorrows pale to nothingness in comparison. However, still the individual must live in the world. Thus, it is important that the person’s intellect remains focussed on serving parmatma, and that it is able, through the medium of the body, to serve parmatma to the best of its ability.

Physical objects can be obtained very easily, if one is intelligent enough to know how to go about it. Intellect however cannot be obtained, but must be there from the very first. It is by use of this intellect, in fact, that one is able to cultivate all other qualities (building of wealth, “success” in life (in material terms), physical fitness, etc.) Thus, intellect is the key to all else in life, and as such, it is the most important possession. We ask parmatma in the Gayatri Mantra to gift us with the highest intellect, and to help us by showing us the way to use that intellect.

12. YO (यो s.3)
Meaning “Who” or “That”, Yo signifies yet again that it is not to anyone else that we direct these prayers, but to parmatma alone. Only parmatma is worthy of the highest adoration, only parmatma is perfect and free from all defects. It is That parmatma to Whom we offer these prayers.

13. NAH (न: s.4)
Nah means “Ours”, and signifies the selflessness of the request we make of parmatma in this part of the Gayatri Mantra. We offer this prayer, and make the request of parmatma, not simply for ourselves, but for the whole of humanity. We seek the uplift of the whole of society. Hindu philosophy has since the beginning recognized the concept of “Vasudhaiva Kutumbakam” – “The whole world is one big family”. Thus, we pray not only for ourselves, but for each and every member of that great family, that we may all benefit from the greatness and generosity of the All-loving parmatma.

14. PRA-CHO-DA-YAT (प्रचोदयात् s.5-8)
Prachodayat, the final word of the Gayatri Mantra, rounds off the whole mantra, and completes the request we make of parmatma in this final part. This word is a request from parmatma, in which we ask Him for Guidance, and Inspiration. We ask that, by showing us His Divine and Glorious Light (cf. BHARGO), He remove the darkness of Maya from our paths, that we are able to see the way, and in this manner, we ask Him to direct our energies in the right way, guiding us through the chaos of this world, to find sanctuary in the tranquility and peace of parmatma Himself, the root of all Happiness, and the source of true Bliss.


There are numerous benefits of chanting Gayatri mantra. Thus, here are some of the positive effects of chanting Gayatri Mantra. It increases learning power. It increases concentration. It brings prosperity. It gives people eternal power. It is very useful for peace. It is the first step to go to the way of the spiritual road. It is correlated with God. It strengthens the mind and improves the health condition. It improves the rhythmic pattern of breathing. It keeps our hearts healthy. It protects the devotee from all the dangers and guides towards the Divine by intuition. It improves our family life.

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Mantra – the Vedic rules no one told you about

Mantras are powerful sound vibrations which are capable of transforming energy at all levels of creation. They affect mental and subtle planes of consciousness and reach the subconscious level where our karmic patterns are stored. The practice of mantra increases concentration, memory, purifies our heart and helps erase the effects of past karma. Proper recitation of mantras and chants helps invoke the latent power within us and can bless us in every facet of our life.

The most important thing you need to know, whether it is a mantra you are repeating or a chant you are singing – proper pronunciation is the key. Yes we all have different accents – that is not a problem – however mispronunciation changes the meaning and nullifies the very effect you wish to produce!

Taittiriya Upanishad clearly points out 6 elements of pronunciation with regard to vedic mantras.

  • Varn or alphabet (or in general syllable)
  • Swar or intonation of each syllable
  • Maatra or duration of uttering each syllable
  •  Balam or stress on each syllable
  • Saam or the balance of chanting (the tune of entire mantra)
  • Santan or the continuity in pronouncing


Mistakes and their Effects: Even if we are not experts and have not learnt from a teacher when we chant mantras or do kirtan, we should pay attention to the above-mentioned aspects. Mistakes in chanting can cause a wide spectrum of problems – from merely nullifying its effect, to creating negative karma or physical and emotional imbalances, some of which can be very detrimental for us.

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OM Mantra – The Priceless Benefits

Priceless Benefits Of The OM Mantra
  1. Chanting of the Om Mantra purifies the environment around you and creates positive vibrations.
  2. The Om not only benefits the person who is chanting it but also to the people around them wherever its vibrations flow.
  3. It cleanses your aura.
  4. It can place you in a meditational state which gives you deep relaxation.
  5. Your concentration increases when you chant this universal hymn.
  6. The ॐ chanting removes toxin from your body. It is said to give you better immunity and self-healing power.
  7. It improves your concentration and helps you focus on whatever your goals may be.
  8. The ॐ chanting actually improves your voice by giving strength to your vocal cords and the muscles around it. This is very helpful during old age.
  9. The ॐ chanting produces a vibration and sound which is felt through your vocal cords and sinuses. The vibrations open up the sinuses to clear the airways.
  10. The Om Mantra has cardiovascular benefits – by relaxing our mind and body, our blood pressure will decrease and our heart will beat with regular rhythm.
  11. Through chanting and meditation, you can have better control over your emotions, thus allowing you to see situations with a clear and rational mind.
  12. Regular chanting of this Mantra will take you on a spiritual journey to greater happiness and positivity, but only if it is done daily for a longer period of time. Mantras are not and overnight fix to your problems – you must have patience and learn the correct techniques.
  13. When the OM Mantra is chanted in a group, the effects are amplified and this will produce immense positive vibrations which charge up the entire vicinity.
  14. Some people have also claimed to lose weight through ॐ chanting as it puts your entire body in a heightened state of sensitivity – its vibrations are thought to stimulate your metabolism which would lead to weight loss.
  15. It has been our experience that Om can even help cleanse your skin. The massive levels of internal positive energy and a cleansed aura that come from chanting the Om Mantra regularly will be reflected externally with a sunny glow on your face and body.
  16. Your spinal cord is strengthened through the vibrations caused by sound of Aaaa. As this sound is generated from abdomen, it helps to strenthen the supporting muscles of the spinal cord.
  17. The sound uuu is created by vocal cords which benefit the thyroid glands and the throat.
  18. It is said that rubbing your hands together while ॐ chanting and putting those charged hands on different parts of body heals or activates those body parts.
  19. If those energy charged hands are put on your eyes, your eye sight will start improving.
om namah shivay sivaom

The Mysticism of Mantra

A “mantra” Sanskrit: मंत्र is a sacrosanct expression, a numinous sound, a syllable, word or phonemes, or gathering of words in Sanskrit accepted by experts to have mental and profound forces. A mantra could conceivably have syntactic structure or exacting significance. The Sanskrit word mantra-(likewise n. mantram) comprises of the root man-“to think” (additionally in manas “mind”) and the postfix – tra, assigning apparatuses or instruments, thus a strict interpretation would be “instrument of thought”

The utilization, structure, capacity, significance, and sorts of mantras change as per the school and theory of Hinduism and of Buddhism. Mantras serve a focal part in tantra. In this school, mantras are thought to be a hallowed recipe and a profoundly individual custom, viable simply after start. 

Mantras come in many structures, including ṛc (verses from the Rigveda for instance) and sāman (melodic serenades from the Sāmaveda for instance). They are normally melodic, numerically organized meters, accepted to be thunderous with numinous qualities. At its most straightforward, the word ॐ (Aum, Om) fills in as a mantra. In more modern structures, mantras are melodic expressions with otherworldly elucidations, for example, a human yearning for truth, reality, light, everlasting status, peace, love, information, and activity. 

Mantra japa is a practice of repetitively uttering the same mantra for an auspicious number of times, the most popular being 108, and sometimes just 5, 10, 28 or 1008. Japa is found in personal prayer or meditative efforts of some Hindus, as well during formal puja (group prayers). Japa is assisted by malas (bead necklaces) containing 108 beads and a head bead (sometimes referred to as the ‘meru’, or ‘guru’ bead); the devotee using his/her fingers to count each bead as he/she repeats the chosen mantra. Having reached 108 repetitions, if he/she wishes to continue another cycle of mantras, the devotee turns the mala around without crossing the head bead and repeats the cycle. Japa-yajna is claimed to be most effective if the mantra is repeated silently in the mind (manasah).

Notable Hindu mantras

Guru Mantra – Om Namah Shivay ॐ नमः शिवाय​​​​​​​
Its translation is “salutations (namas) to Shiva”, preceded by the mystical syllable “Om”. The syllable “ya” at the end of the mantra denotes an offering. Thus the mantra Om Namah Sivaya actually means “I offer to Siva a respectful invocation of His Name”, and not merely “I respectfully invoke His Name”. Om Namah Shivaya mantra is sung by devotees in prayers and recited by yogis in meditation. It is associated with qualities of prayer, divine-love, grace, truth, and blissfulness.

Traditionally, it is accepted to be a powerful healing mantra beneficial for all physical and mental ailments. Soulful recitation of this mantra brings peace to the heart and joy to the [Ātman] or Soul. Sages consider that the recitation of these syllables is sound therapy for the body and nectar for the soul [Ātman]. The nature of the mantra is the calling upon the higher self; it is the calling upon Shiva, the destroyer deity, to aid in the death (destruction of ego) and rebirth achieved during meditation. This goes generally for mantras and chants to different gods, which are different aspects of the higher self.

Gayatri Mantra
The Gayatri mantra is considered one of the most universal of all Hindu mantras, invoking the universal Brahman as the principle of knowledge and the illumination of the primordial Sun. The mantra is extracted from the 10th verse of Hymn 62 in Book III of the Rig Veda.
ॐ भूर्भुवस्व: | तत्सवितुर्वरेण्यम् | भर्गो देवस्य धीमहि | धियो यो न: प्रचोदयात्
Oṁ Bhūrbhuvaswaha Tatsaviturvarenyam bhargo devasya dhīmahi dhiyo yo naḥa prachodayāt,
“Let us meditate on that excellent glory of the divine Light (Vivifier, Sun). May he stimulate our understandings (knowledge, intellectual illumination).

Pavamana mantra
असतोमा सद्गमय । तमसोमा ज्योतिर् गमय । मृत्योर्मामृतं गमय ॥ asato mā sad gamaya, tamaso mā jyotir gamaya, mṛtyor māmṛtaṃ gamaya.
(Bṛhadāraṇyaka Upaniṣad 1.3.28)
“from the unreal lead me to the real, from the dark lead me to the light, from death lead me to immortality.

Shanti mantra
Oṁ Sahanā vavatu
sahanau bhunaktu
Sahavīryam karavāvahai
Tejasvi nāvadhītamastu
Mā vidviṣāvahai
Oṁ Shāntiḥ, Shāntiḥ, Shāntiḥ.

“Om! Let the Studies that we together undertake be effulgent;
“Let there be no Animosity amongst us;
“Om! Peace, Peace, Peace.
– Taittiriya Upanishad 2.2.2

There are numerous other important mantras.

the vedas sivaom

The Vedas Explained



The Vedas are a large body of knowledge texts originating in ancient India. Composed in Vedic Sanskrit, the texts constitute the oldest layer of Sanskrit literature and the oldest scriptures of Hinduism. Hindus consider the Vedas to be apauruṣeya, which means “not of a man, superhuman” and “impersonal, author less”. In the Hindu Epic the Mahabharata, the creation of Vedas is credited to Brahma. The Vedic hymns themselves assert that they were skilfully created by Rishis (sages), after inspired creativity, just as a carpenter builds a chariot.

The Vedas are eternal and vibrate eternally in the higher realms of the world of Brahman. They manifest at the beginning of every cycle of creation for the welfare of the world. The Vedas help humans to know their essential nature, and return from their embodied, limited state as bound souls (jivas) to their eternal state as liberated souls. They also help humans to invoke the power of gods to deal with the problems of the mortal world, death and disease. Hence, they are considered invaluable for the material and spiritual wellbeing of the world.

The word Veda is derived from the root word, “vid” meaning to know. Thus, Veda means knowledge. The Vedic texts are rather large and contain thousands of hymns. Hinduism is about leading a balanced life and aiming for the four chief aims of human life, namely meeting religious obligations, earning wealth, seeking pleasure, and achieving liberation. The Vedas help people to realise the four goals. In the first half of their lives, they can pursue material goals, serving the gods above and family and community in the mortal world below, and in the second half, they can pursue spiritual goals, lead contemplative and austere lives and ascend to the highest heaven.


The four Vedas are Rigveda, Yajurveda, Samaveda and Atharvaveda. Some scholars tend to include the two epics, Ramayana and Mahabharata also under the Vedas as the historical Vedas (Itihasa Vedas). However, the common definition of Vedas does not include them. Each Veda has been subclassified into four major text types – the Samhitas (mantras and benedictions), the Aranyakas (text on rituals, ceremonies, sacrifices and symbolic-sacrifices), the Brahmanas (commentaries on rituals, ceremonies and sacrifices), and the Upanishads (texts discussing meditation, philosophy and spiritual knowledge). Some scholars add a fifth category – the Upasanas (worship)!

HAR HAR MAHADEV
OM NAMAH SHIVAY

yoga pose sivaom

Surya Namaskar with mantras – The Science and Logic Behind It

In order to explain the importance of the sun, it has been described in Hindu scriptures from immemorial time. Whether we talk about the previous eras or talk about today’s time, Sun has always given us life-giving energy.

Today, scientists have been working hard to know about the sun, whereas the ancient Sage-Muni knew its divinity and its use. Understanding the mystery of the sun is important as when we perform Surya Namaskar then our reverence, diligence, and belief appear in our mind and we can benefit from it.

Gopinath Kaviraj, who is the principal of the Banaras Hindu University, has done 12 years of penance in Gyanganj Ashram in Himalaya. He came back to Benaras in 1920 and wondered about the whole world as a miracle of solar science. In front of hundreds of disciples, he used to transform a thing into another by Sun Science. We are telling you this illustration so that your curiosity and faith in the sun increase and you can get the maximum benefits from it.


1. Aum Mitraya Namah inPranamasana/Prayer Pose: Who is friendly to all 

2. Aum Ravayre Namah inUtthana Hasthasana/Upward Salute: The shining one, the radiant one

3. Aum Suryaya Namah in Padahastanasana or Utthanasana/ Hand to feet pose: Who is the dispeller of darkness and responsible for bringing activity

4. Aum Bhanave Namah in Ashva Sanchalan Asana/Equestrian Pose: One who illumines, the bright one

5. Aum Khagaya Namah inMountain Pose: Who is all-pervading, one who moves through the sky

6. Aum Pushne Namah in Ashtanga Namaskara: Giver of nourishment and fulfillment

7. Aum Hiranyagarbhaya Namah inBhujangasana/Cobra Pose : Who has golden color brilliance

8. Aum Marichaye Namah in Adho Mukha Savasana/Mountain Pose : The giver of light with infinite number of rays

9. Aum Adityaya Namah in Ashva Sanchalan Asana/Equestrian Pose: The son of Aditi, the cosmic divine Mother

10. Aum Savitre Namah in Padahastanasana or Utthanasana/ Hand to feet pose: One who is responsible for life

11. Aum Arkaya Namah inUtthana Hasthasana/Upward Salute: Worthy of praise and glory

12. Aum Bhaskaraya Namah inPranamasana/Prayer Pose: Giver of wisdom and cosmic illumination

Sun is the only source of energy for our planet Earth. Hence, Sun gives us lots of benefits in many ways.
Here are some advantages of Surya Namaskar or Sun salutation given below:

There is good stretching of the waist and spine by Surya Namaskar, hence it heals all types of back pain.
Surya Namaskar improves the digestive system.
It balanced the energy on both physical and mental levels.
Diseases such as hemorrhoids (piles) can also be treated by Surya Namaskar.
It boosts our memory power.
It keeps high blood pressure and diabetes in control.
Regular exercise of sun salutation leads to better circulation of blood throughout the body, thus reducing the risk of a heart attack.
It gives strength to our body.
It strengthens our immune system.
This strengthens our bones.
It improves our skin tone.
Weight Loss. As Some poses of Surya Namaskar remove excess fat of the tummy. Therefore it is very helpful in weight loss. This not only reduces your weight but also bring your body in shape. If done fast, then this could turn out to be your best cardiovascular workout.

Best Time For Surya Namaskar
The best time to do Surya Namaskar is of Brahma Muhurt. After going to the toilet, take a bath and practice it with a cheerful mind. Wear clean and loose fitting clothes and the atmosphere should be relaxed.
The morning time is best for doing Surya Namaskar because the weather is clean at this time and there is no harm from the sun’s ultraviolet rays.
For some reason, if you are unable to do sun salutation in the morning, then you can practice it with an empty stomach or can do it during the evening.

Surya Namaskar Precautions:
1. Everyone aged above 8 years can perform this posture.
2. A person suffering from the problem of the spinal cord, heart, high blood pressure, and hernia problem can do practice this posture in the guidance of any guru.

Initial Mistakes During Surya Namaskar (Sun Salutation)
Beginners generally forget to focus on breathing while moving forward and backward. In this exercise, breathing while bending and stretching has great significance.
If you are a beginner then do not do this exercise at a high pace, by doing so your attention can get shifted from the breathing, and thus your practice may remain incomplete.
In the beginning, you can get confused with Cobra Pose and Mountain Pose, so keep this in mind.

How Many Times To-Do Surya Namaskar (Sun Salutation)?

1. The practice of Surya Namaskar Yoga must be done in 10-20 cycles. If you are a beginner then do it 2-3 times and then gradually increase the cycles.
2. If you can do it more than you can do it for 50-100 times.
3. If the sun salutation is practiced 25-50 times every day, then there will not be much signs of old age in the body for 100 years.

The planets revolve around the Sun; Life begins with the sun. Hence it holds great importance to us- scientifically and religiously. Performing Surya Namaskars, Sun Salutation we are respecting and celebrating the source of all life forms. Let us know the science and logic that goes into performing Surya Namaskar. 

The Solar Plexus
According to the ancient Rishis of India, different parts of the body are governed by different Devas (divine impulses or divine light). The solar plexus (located behind the navel, which is the central point of the human body) is said to be connected with the Sun. This is the main reason why the ancient Rishis recommended the practice of Surya Namaskar because the regular practice of this technique enhances the solar plexus, which increases one’s creativity and intuitive abilities.

 

What is the importance of Solar plexus?
According to Sri Sri Ravi Shanker, all our emotions get stored in the solar plexus, and it is also the point from where one’s gut feelings arise. The size of the solar plexus is said to like the size of a small gooseberry. However, for those who do yoga and it becomes much bigger – almost three to four times bigger than the normal size. The more expanded your solar plexus, the greater is your mental stability and your intuition.

The Benefits of Surya Namaskar
Surya Namaskar is a set of 12 postures, preferably to be done at the time of sunrise. The regular practice of Surya Namaskar improves circulation of blood throughout the body, maintains health, and helps one remain disease-free.

Help lose weight
When done at a fast pace, Surya Namaskar can give an excellent cardiovascular workout to help weight. The postures will help stretch the abdominal muscles while helping you shed pounds around your belly. The movements will also improve metabolism.

Helps strengthen muscles and joints
Surya Namaskar offers a good way to stretch and strengthen muscles, joints, ligament, as well as the skeletal system. The movements can also help improve the flexibility of the spine. The limbs become symmetrical helping internal vital organs to function better.

Ensures a better functioning digestive system
These yoga poses will help increase the blood flow to the digestive tract resulting in better functioning of the intestines. The forward bend pose will help increase your abdomen space which will aid in releasing the trapped gasses.

Some Other Benefits

  • Helps cope with insomnia
  • Sleeping patterns can be improved by the practice of Surya Namaskar. The asanas will help calm your mind, giving you a good night’s sleep.
  • Ensures regular menstrual cycle
  • Surya Namaskar can also be beneficial for women who are suffering from irregular menstrual cycles as it helps regulate it. Regular practice of the movements can also help in easy childbirth.
  • Brings down blood sugar levels
  • According to our expert, the movements of the sun salutation also aid in bringing down your blood sugar levels and help keep heart diseases at bay.
  • Helps detox
  • Due to the active inhalation and exhalation process, the lungs are thoroughly ventilated, and the blood remains oxygenated. This also helps in detoxifying one’s body by getting rid of carbon dioxide and other toxic gasses.

Now the Question if Children Do Surya Namaskar?
Surya Namaskar calms the mind and helps improves concentration. Today, children face a lot of competition and pressure. Adopting Surya Namaskar in their daily schedule boosts endurance power and reduces the feeling of anxiety and restlessness, especially during exams. Regular practice of Surya Namaskar gives strength and vitality to the body.  Children as young as 5-year-olds can start doing Surya Namaskar daily.

Surya Namaskar –The Science and Logic Behind It
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Mahashivratri – The holy night of Shiva and Shakti

MahaShivratri, it is one of the holiest days for the universe. Maha Shivaratri is a Hindu festival celebrated annually in honour of the god Shiva. There is a Shivaratri in every luni-solar month of the Hindu calendar, on the month’s 13th night /14th day, but once a year in late winter (February/March) and before the arrival of spring, marks Maha Shivaratri which means “the Great Night of Shiva”. It is a major festival in Hinduism, but one that is solemn and marks a remembrance of “overcoming darkness and ignorance” in life and the world. It is observed by remembering Shiva and chanting prayers,Vrat (fasting), doing Yoga and meditating on ethics and virtues such as self-restraint, Satya (honesty), Ahimsa (non injury to others), forgiveness and the discovery of Shiva. The ardent devotees keep awake all night. Others visit one of the Shiva temples or go on pilgrimage to Jyotirlingams. This is an ancient Hindu festival whose origin date is unknown. 

Bhagvan Shiv ji besides being the god to whom other gods pray to is also seen as the first yogi or ādiyogi and the first guru or ādiguru. Many thousand years ago, on the banks of lake Kantisarovar in the Himalayas, ādiyogi poured his profound knowledge into the legendary saptrishis also known as cosmic saptarishis or “seven sages”. These sages carried this powerful message of Yoga to different parts of the world including Asia, the Middle East, Africa and North and South America.

As time passed by, many yugas came and passed by, knowledge diluted and in some cases was lost. Evenually Bhagvan Krishna came and gave a perfected translation in his sermon to arjun which was narrated by Sanjay to Bhagvan Ved Vyas and passed to us in the form of the holy Shrimad Bhagvad Gita which explains every deep aspect of oga holistically, therefore Bhagvan Krishna came to be known as Yogeshwar. 

We have to fast, no solid foods only water. The ardent devotees keep awake all night. You could also chant OM NAMAH SHIVAY all night with fasting and breaking the fast in the next morning (Tuesday) with fruits and milk or water. Give yourself to Mahadev, your unconditional love to Mahadev and Surrender to the creator and dissolver of this universe and become a part of source. 

This is the concept of neti or reduction or elimination. People complaining of back ache are accumulating too much stress in their backs. They do not have any idea of how to free this stress.

Neti is adishankaras favorite buzzword, It means to reduce or eliminate. Not only in terms of diet or intermittent fasting affecting physical body it also defines the mind that can silence the bad thoughts and go towards the pure thought or silence or nothingness or shiva neti neti neti . not this not that., towards the pure truth. Neti means elimination not accumulation. we have to learn what this means in the sadhana. Discover thy self.

The glory of Shiva is beyond the beginning, the middle and the end of time. Since the time of the Vedas, Shiva temples became famous and the delightful glory of Shiva came into existence as “jyotirlingas” (symbols or “marks” of Divine light) and have been worshipped.

The meaning of the entire worship of Shiva and the essence of the Shiva Purana is that in all living and non-living entities, Ishwara is present as the all-pervading spirit in soul form and that the Infinite power of God is One. He is formless and is beyond all forms.

The form of the Shiva lingam is the light of millions of suns in a natural state. Since time immemorial, both in India and around the world, the worship of Shiva has been performed.

Bhagwan Sri Rama who lived over 1.75 million years ago established many Shiva lingams and worshipped Lord Shiva.

In Egypt, where one of their ancient deities was named “Isis”, Shiva was also worshipped on the banks of the River Nile. The Mesopotamian peoples also worshipped Shiva as Ishwara.

The Indian sages spent years in the forest doing severe austerities to increase their knowledge and brilliance to integrate the grace of Parameshwara and become enlightened beings. On the sacred day of Maha Shivaratri, Shiva’s brilliance comes into existence as infinite brightness. And devotees fast the entire day and stay awake the entire night of Shivaratri worshipping Lord Shiva, their bad karma is abolished and they gain knowledge and salvation.

ॐ नमः शिवाय
Om Namah Shivay

हर हर महादेव
Har Har Mahadev

rudraksha

Rudraksha – How to wear, Important Rules & Precautions

In antiquated Hindu society, rudraksh is connected with the tears of Bhagavan Shiv ji, (Rudra + aksa). You must’ve seen numerous yogis, sages, babes, and babes wearing rudraksh. Its a mala as well as its entire power field of vitality, it’s not just a style embellishment but as well as an assistant to the spirit, paying little heed to your motivations to wear the rudraksh, there are particular Rules to Wear and if not remembered the rudraksh can bring about genuine harm to your prosperity.

Normally the dots of Rudraksha are hung together as a mālā. Customarily, it is trusted that the quantity of dots utilized ought to be 108 in addition to one. The additional dab is the bindu or “guru dab”. On the off chance that the mālā does not have a bindu, the vitality is said to end up recurrent and wearers who are touchy may get to be unsteady.

At the point when the dots are hung, it is prudent to do as such with either a silk or a cotton string. It is then encouraged to change the string at regular intervals to keep it from snapping and the 109 globules from disseminating. The Rudraksha mālā may likewise be hung with either copper, silver or gold, commonly by a diamond setter. A typical issue with mālās set up with such metals is the mālā being tied too firmly. This may bring about the internal parts of the Rudraksha seeds splitting and disintegrating from intemperate weight. Along these lines, it is important to guarantee that the mālā is tied freely.

Somebody who truly wants to leave undesirable propensities and carry on with an existence of virtue can wear Rudraksh’s and may get themselves free not long after in the wake of wearing it . This has happened to numerous. It might transpire likewise, on the off chance that you will unequivocally. Rudraksh force is more than any jewels, yantra, tantra, mantra and Jantra. By and large the wearer and the admirer of Rudraksh is honored with flourishing, peace and wellbeing. However there are sure safeguards to be taken to keep away from the addition of sins. These safety measures are, for example:-

  • Rudraksh must be worn after Sidhhi (method of purification & charging with Mantra), performing the prayers and ritual rites for its sanctification and Hawan, etc. It should be worn on auspicious day, Monday or Thursday. Rudraksh Mantra and Rudraksh Origin Mantra is to be chanted daily 9 times while wearing in the morning and after removing before going to bed. Rudraksh must be removed before going to sleep and must be kept at the puja place.)
  • Rudraksha, being organic, is preferably worn in ways that do not involve metal
  • Rudraksh can be worn in the morning after having a Bath. It can be worn after reciting the mantra as above and incense/ ghee lamp etc must be used. It must not be touched before bathing. One should clean his hands properly after using the toilet.
  • The wearer of the Rudraksh should not eat non-vegetarian food and should not take alcohol. He should speak truth always and must go to Lord Shiva temple for his blessings.
  • Rudraksha must not be taken to the cremation grounds and funerals. Also, it must not be taken to the place while visiting a newborn baby.
  • NEVER wear the Rudraksh while having sex.
  • WOMEN must not wear the Rudraksh during their menstrual cycle.
  • ALWAYS keep your Rudraksh clean. Dust and dirt can settle in the pores of the bead. Clean these as frequently as possible with something with soft, fine bristles. If the thread becomes dirty or worn out, change it. After cleaning, wash your Rudraksh with some blessed holy water. This helps maintain its sanctity.
  • ALWAYS keep the Rudraksh oiled… After regular cleaning, oil the bead and treat it with incense. This is of UTMOST importance. especially when not using the bead for sometime, or storing it for a while.
  • Many get confused with the shape and size. One should not seriously worry about it. Just see that the Mukhi is well defined, corns and contours are natural, and there are no cracks near the central hole. Normally the buyer gets a feel when Rudraksh is kept in the palm. He/She feels that this is the one which was wanted.
  • Rudraksh is hot in nature. Some people just can’t wear it. Their skin shows signs of allergy. They can never wear any gold, silver, or thread chain. So better not to use it. Keeps the beads in the Puja room and offer daily prayers.